In this posting, I’m going to discuss about the effect of tick value on warrants. With effect from 24th December 2007, SGX had revised the minimum bid sizes for its various financial instruments products. I am interested in the revised minimum bid size for securities. Under the new revised schedule, any securities trading below $1.00 have a minimum bid size of $0.005. Securities trading between $1.00 and $9.99 have a minimum bid size of $0.01. Securities trading $10.00 and above have a minimum bid size of $0.02. With this new revised minimum bid sizes in mind, I’m going to use Singapore Exchange (SGX) as an example for my discussion.
When SGX is trading at close to $10.00 in January this year, we can see that some of the warrants derived from it are lagging behind, while some others follow closely but with a bigger bid/ask spread. You can easily verify this by randomly looking at how closely the warrant price follows the stock price under the Data & Chart > Historical Price at SG Warrants. For easy reference, I have randomly capture three images for some SGX call warrants.
Assuming SGX is trading close to $10.00 at this point of time. The next tick will either bring the stock price up to $10.02 or $9.98. Hence, in this example here, a $0.02 change will mean a 0.2% increase or decrease in the underlying price. If the warrant has an effective gearing of 10 times, this $0.02 change in the underlying will be enlarged to a 2% (10 X 0.2%) change in warrant price.
Investors should understand that there exist various technical issues in the market. We should not hastily jump to the conclusion based on the varied performance of different warrants that this or that issuer is not doing a good job. The truth may boiled down to the different treatments adopted by the issuers.